also : Estate agents assisting with buying or selling overseas property
now subject to Anti-Money Laundering regulations- October 2012
Misdescriptions Act 1991 (c. 29) 1991 c. 29 - continued
Act to prohibit the making of false or misleading statements about property matters
in the course of estate agency business and property development business. [27th
Be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and
consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament
assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—
of property misdescription
Where a false or misleading statement about a prescribed matter is made in the
course of an estate agency business or a property development business, otherwise
than in providing conveyancing services, the person by whom the business is carried
on shall be guilty of an offence under this section.
Where the making of the statement is due to the act or default of an employee
the employee shall be guilty of an offence under this section; and the employee
may be proceeded against and punished whether or not proceedings are also taken
against his employer.
A person guilty of an offence under this section shall be liable—
(a) on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, and
(b) on conviction on indictment, to a fine.
No contract shall be void or unenforceable, and no right of action in civil proceedings
in respect of any loss shall arise, by reason only of the commission of an offence
under this section.
For the purposes of this section—
"false" means false to a material degree, (b) a statement is misleading if (though
not false) what a reasonable person may be expected to infer from it, or from
any omission from it, is false, (c) a statement may be made by pictures or any
other method of signifying meaning as well as by words and, if made by words,
may be made orally or in writing, (d) a prescribed matter is any matter relating
to land which is specified in an order made by the Secretary of State, (e) a statement
is made in the course of an estate agency business if (but only if) the making
of the statement is a thing done as mentioned in subsection (1) of section 1 of
the [1979 c. 38.] Estate Agents Act 1979 and that Act either applies to it or
would apply to it but for subsection (2)(a) of that section (exception for things
done in course of profession by practising solicitor or employee),
(f) a statement is
made in the course of a property development business if (but only if) it is made—
(i) in the course of a business (including a business in which the person making
the statement is employed) concerned wholly or substantially with the development
of land, and (ii) for the purpose of, or with a view to, disposing of an interest
in land consisting of or including a building, or a part of a building, constructed
or renovated in the course of the business, and
"conveyancing services" means the preparation of any transfer, conveyance, writ,
contract or other document in connection with the disposal or acquisition of an
interest in land, and services ancillary to that, but does not include anything
done as mentioned in section 1(1)(a) of the Estate Agents Act 1979.
For the purposes of this section any reference in this section or section 1 of
the Estate Agents Act 1979 to disposing of or acquiring an interest in land—
(a) in England and Wales and Northern Ireland shall be construed in accordance
with section 2 of that Act, and (b) in Scotland is a reference to the transfer
or creation of an "interest in land" as defined in section 28(1) of the [1979
c. 33.] Land Registration (Scotland) Act 1979.
(7) An order under this section may—
make different provision for different cases, and (b) include such supplemental,
consequential and transitional provisions as the Secretary of State considers
appropriate; and the power to make such an order shall be exercisable by statutory
instrument which shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of
either House of Parliament.
In proceedings against a person for an offence under section 1 above it shall
be a defence for him to show that he took all reasonable steps and exercised all
due diligence to avoid committing the offence.
A person shall not be entitled to rely on the defence provided by subsection (1)
above by reason of his reliance on information given by another unless he shows
that it was reasonable in all the circumstances for him to have relied on the
information, having regard in particular— (a) to the steps which he took, and
those which might reasonably have been taken, for the purpose of verifying the
information, and (b) to whether he had any reason to disbelieve the information.
Where in any proceedings against a person for an offence under section 1 above
the defence provided by subsection (1) above involves an allegation that the commission
of the offence was due— (a) to the act or default of another, or (b) to reliance
on information given by another, the person shall not, without the leave of the
court, be entitled to rely on the defence unless he has served a notice under
subsection (4) below on the person bringing the proceedings not less than seven
clear days before the hearing of the proceedings or, in Scotland, the diet of
A notice under this subsection shall give such information identifying or assisting
in the identification of the person who committed the act or default, or gave
the information, as is in the possession of the person serving the notice at the
time he serves it.
The Schedule to this Act (which makes provision about the enforcement of this
Act) shall have effect
corporate and Scottish partnerships
Where an offence under this Act committed by a body corporate is proved to have
been committed with the consent or connivance of, or to be attributable to neglect
on the part of, a director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the
body corporate or a person who was purporting to act in such a capacity, he (as
well as the body corporate) is guilty of the offence and liable to be proceeded
against and punished accordingly.
(2) Where the affairs of a body corporate are managed by its members, subsection
(1) above applies in relation to the acts and defaults of a member in connection
with his functions of management as if he were a director of the body corporate.
Where an offence under this Act committed in Scotland by a Scottish partnership
is proved to have been committed with the consent or connivance of, or to be attributable
to neglect on the part of, a partner, he (as well as the partnership) is guilty
of the offence and liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.
No proceedings for an offence under section 1 above or paragraph 5(3), 6 or 7
of the Schedule to this Act shall be commenced after— (a) the end of the period
of three years beginning with the date of the commission of the offence, or (b)
the end of the period of one year beginning with the date of the discovery of
the offence by the prosecutor, whichever is the earlier.
For the purposes of this section a certificate signed by or on behalf of the prosecutor
and stating the date on which the offence was discovered by him shall be conclusive
evidence of that fact; and a certificate stating that matter and purporting to
be so signed shall be treated as so signed unless the contrary is proved.
There shall be paid out of money provided by Parliament any increase attributable
to this Act in the sums payable out of such money under any other Act.
title and extent.
This Act may be cited as the Property Misdescriptions Act 1991.
This Act extends to Northern Ireland.
Crown copyright 2004 Prepared 2 December 2004
jml Property Services hold a Core Licence Number C02W0008738
agents assisting with buying or selling overseas property now subject to Anti-Money
upholds OFT fine on estate agent for trading while unregistered 3 October 2012
to the Anti-Money Laundering (AML) Regulations mean that UK-based estate agents
who assist clients to buy or sell overseas property must comply with the regulations
from 1 October 2012 and register as soon as possible. Those that fail to do so
may be subject to a fine or face prosecution.
OFT also welcomes the decision of the First-Tier Tribunal to dismiss Sussex-based
estate agent, Mansell McTaggart Limited's appeal against a £3,000 fine imposed
by the OFT for carrying on estate agency work while unregistered. The Tribunal
found that the penalty imposed in this case was appropriate. Mansell McTaggart
Limited is now registered with the OFT under the AML Regulations.
date around 7,000 estate agents and 6,000 consumer credit lenders have registered
with the OFT under AML regulations.
Fisher, OFT Director of Anti Money Laundering, said: "The changes to the
Regulations will help to deter, detect and disrupt financial crime by reducing
businesses' vulnerability to being used for money laundering or the financing
of terrorism. 'It is important that businesses comply with the Regulations and
register with the OFT. As shown by our action against Mansell McTaggart Limited,
where they do not, we will impose penalties.'
on this release:
Money Laundering Regulations 2007 came into force on 15 December 2007. The Regulations
implement the Third Anti-Money Laundering Directive. The aim of the Regulations
is to reduce the risk of supervised businesses being used for money laundering
or terrorist financing. Businesses have to apply measures such as verifying customer
identity, training staff and reporting suspicious activity to the Serious Organised
the Regulations, requirements are placed on regulated businesses to verify their
clients' identity and monitor and report suspicious activity to the Serious Organised
estate agents who assist clients to buy or sell overseas property must comply
with the regulations from 1 October 2012 and register by 31 March 2013, or be
subject to a fine or face prosecution.
15 December 2007 the OFT has been responsible for supervising those businesses
who carry on a supervised activity, namely estate agents and Consumer Credit Financial
Institutions (CCFIs). CCFIs are consumer lenders who are not authorised by the
Financial Services Authority or supervised by HM Revenue & Customs as a money
July 2009, the OFT launched its AML registration scheme. Existing businesses should
have registered by 31 January 2010. Estate agents dealing with property overseas
will have until the 31 March 2013 to register with the OFT. Carrying on an estate
agency business or business as a CCFI without being registered is a breach of
the Regulations for which the OFT may impose a civil financial penalty. It is
also a criminal offence which could result in prosecution. New entrants to the
OFT's supervised sectors must register with the OFT before trading in supervised
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